تأثیر دین‌داری در گرایش دختران به فرار از منزل

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه مازندران

چکیده

فرار از خانه از جمله رفتارهای ناسازگارانه‌ای است که از کودکان و نوجوانان سر می‌زند. بیشتر تحقیقات جامعه‌شناختی در این زمینه پیرامون مسائل خانوادگی بوده و از نقش دین‌داری و اعتقادات دینی که از اهمیت فراوانی برخوردار است، غفلت شده است. در پژوهش پیش رو، کوشش بر آن است تا با کمک اطلاعات تجربی به‌دست‌آمده از تحقیق و چهارچوب نظری مبتنی بر نظریۀ پیوند اجتماعیِ هیرشی، که دارای چهار بعدِ پیوستگی دینی، التزام دینی، مشارکت دینی، و باور دینی است به تبیین تأثیر دین‌داری در گرایش به فرار از منزل پرداخته شود. روش پژوهش پیمایشی است و اطلاعات حاصل براساس ابزار پرسش‌نامۀ خوداجرا گردآوری شده است. جمعیت تحقیق مورد مطالعه همۀ دانش‌آموزان دبیرستانی بابلسر، در سال تحصیلی 91 - 92، بوده که تعداد کل آن‌ها 1597 نفر است. از این تعداد، 370 نفر براساس نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای چندمرحله‌ایِ تصادفیِ متناسب مطالعه شدند و داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار Spss و Lisrel تحلیل شد. نتایج داده‌ها حاکی از این است که از بین ابعاد دین‌داری بیشترین تأثیر متعلق در باور دینی و بعد از آن مشارکت دینی بوده است و دو بعد دیگر، یعنی پیوستگی دینی و التزام دینی، معنادار نبوده است. در کل، نتایج داده‌ها نشان داده است که مذهب می‌تواند، به‌منزلۀ عامل حمایتی، تأثرپذیری جوانان را از رفتارهای انحرافی کاهش دهد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Religion on Girls’ Tendency to Run Away from Home

نویسندگان [English]

  • akbar alivardi kia
  • fatemeh eisa poor
  • mohamad reza hasani
چکیده [English]

Running away is a deviant behavior, displayed in children and adolescents. Most of the sociological researches on this subject were solely focused on family issues and failed to address the important role of religion and religious beliefs. The current study was an attempt to emphasize the impact of religion on one’s tendency to run away. The data was analyzed by means of Hirschi’s Theoretical Framework, which has four interrelated forms (religious attachment, religious commitment, religious involvement and religious belief). A survey has been carried out and the data was collected by self-assessment questionnaire. The population was all the high school students of Babol in 2011-2012 school year (1597 students in total). 370 students were selected based on stratified random sampling and data was analyzed with SPSS and Lisrel. The results showed that among four forms of Hirschi’s Framework, religious belief came in first and religious involvement came in second place. The other two forms (religious attachment and religious commitment) were insignificant. In conclusion, the study revealed that religion, as a protective factor, can decrease deviant behaviors of youngsters.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Religious attachment
  • religious belief
  • Religion
  • Runaway tendency
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