عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The feminist movement in the West was shaped in protest against the patriarchal culture of the Enlightenment period. On the basis of scientific evidence, the author of this article maintains that the patriarchal beliefs of the modernity have been affected by the myth-makings of Ancient Greece, because the theories of the Enlightenment period preceded the European Renaissance, the slogan of which was returning to the Golden Age of ancient Greece. On this basis, the patriarchal attitude of Greek theoreticians, such as Homer and Hesiod, affected the philosophical-social theories of the Enlightenment period, and introduced women as secondary and subordinate individuals, the participation of whom is confined to only the private sphere, and are deprived of taking part in social and public spheres.