عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Despite the emphasis of Islamic religion on the equality of the rights of individuals, the Islamic punishment law contains various provisions on men and women, some of which are supportive of women, and some others, such as the age of criminal responsibility, martyrdom, Qisas (retaliation in kind) and diya (blood money/ransom), are apparently discriminatory. According to Article 550 of this law, the women’s Diya is half the man’s Diya, and this is usually justified by juridical reasons and the difference in the social and economic status of women and women.
In addition to the silence of the Holy Qur'an regarding the Diya of women and man, considering the jurisprudential principles related to this issue, as well as the doubt in the authenticity of some evidences, their contradiction with the content of the decrees contained in the Holy Qur'an, and the appropriation of some related narrations to particular cases, and thus the impossibility of their generalization into similar cases, one can challenge the necessity of the inequality. The lack of consensus in this area, as well as the change in the rational aspects of the difference between women’s and men’s diya, is a sign of the possibility to terminate the inequalities