انعطاف ناپذیر دانستن نقش های جنسیتی و دفاع از تبعیض های جنسیتی

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی-واحد بویین زهرا

چکیده

پرسش پژوهش حاضر این بود که انعطاف ناپذیر دانستن نقش های جنسیتی چه رابطه ای با دفاع از تبعیض های جنسیتی دارد؟ هدف پژوهش حاضر آزمون این فرضیه بود که مردانی که نقش­های جنسیتی را انعطاف­ناپذیر می دانند (نسبت به مردانی که این نقش­ها را انعطاف­پذیر می­دانند)، از تبعیض­هایی که در جامعه میان زن­ها و مردها وجود دارد بیشتر دفاع می­کنند، اما چنین رابطه­ای میان انعطاف­ناپذیر دانستن نقش­های جنسیتی و دفاع از تبعیض­های جنسیتی در زنان وجود ندارد. در یک طرح توصیفی-همبستگی از میان دانشجویان کارشناسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی-واحد بویین­زهرا (3900=N) 122 نفر با روش تصادفی نمونه­گیری شدند و به مقیاس انعطاف­پذیری ادراک شدۀ نقش­های جنسیتی و مقیاس دفاع از تبعیض­های جنسیتی پاسخ دادند. ضریب­های همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد که انعطاف­ناپذیر دانستن نقش­های جنسیتی در مردان با دفاع از تبعیض­های جنسیتی رابطه دارد (001/0 p <)، اما این رابطه در زنان معنی­دار نیست (201/0 p >). تبیین این الگوی یافته­ها آن است که جامعۀ تبعیض­آلود به مردان جایگاه بالاتری از زنان داده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship Between Knowing Gender Roles As Inflexible And Defense Of Gender Discrimination In Men And Women

نویسنده [English]

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چکیده [English]

This study aimed to test the hypothesis that men who know gender roles as inflexible (compared to men who know gender roles as flexible), defend more of the discrimination that exists between women and men in society, but in women there is not such a relationship between knowing gender roles as inflexible and defending gender discriminations. In a descriptive-correlational design, 122 of undergraduate students of Islamic Azad University-BuinZahra Branch (3900 = N) were randomly sampled and responded to Perceived Immutability of Gender Roles scale and Gender Discrimination Advocacy scale. Pearson correlation coefficients showed that in men, knowing gender roles as inflexible has significant relationship with defending gender discriminations (p < 0/001) but this relationship was not significant in women (p < 0/201). The explanation for this pattern of results is that the discriminatory society has given a higher status to men than women.

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