عنوان مقاله [English]
Sex change is one of the most controversial social debates in today's world. Many people regard this phenomenon as a deviation, however many doctors consider it as a disease needs to be treated. Since the law in Iran seeks to regulate people social relations in accordance with its religious and legal principles, it should theorize and comment on sex change. The important questions we are faced in this research are as follows; what is the legislators’ position, given our religious law and jurisprudence, on sex change, in particular women sex change? What problems she has to face after the change? And what changes are accrued in the field of her rights and shari’a duties?
Defining medical, jurisprudential and legal concepts of sex change, we will analyze, through a descriptive-analytical method, the various legal-jurisprudential opinions on sex change. We will finally conclude that in case of emergency, which is in the discretion of judges and specialist doctors, sex change is permissible.