فرایند عشق در رویکردهای زنانه نگر به فلسفه دین و الهیات

نوع مقاله: علمی-پژوهشی

نویسنده

پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی

چکیده

در این مقاله نویسنده به جریان شناسی فلسفه های دین فمینیستی پرداخته تا در میان تنوع رویکردهای فلسفی و الهیاتی زنانه نگر به یک جریان مشترک  دست یابد. به همین منظور دیدگاه های برخی فیلسوفان دین فمینیست مانند اندرسن، دیلی و ایریگاری، و...مورد تحلیل و بررسی قرار گرفته اند. همچنین دیدگاه های فیلسوفانی که به طور غیرمستقیم می توانند در نگرش دینی فمینیستی تأثیر گذار باشند مانند هاردینگ، رادیک، کریستوا، لوید، باتلر، و... مورد واکاوی قرار گرفته اند. این مقاله به گونه ای اکتشافی، در میان رویکردهای مختلف فلسفی -  الهیاتی زنانه نگر دست یافته که با فلسفه پویشی وایتهد و الهیات عشق تیلیش هماهنگ هستند. نویسنده این مقاله اصطلاح فرایند عشق را برای این جریان مشترک میان نظریه پردازان فمینیست به کار برده است که مبتنی بر ویژگی های روانکاوانة زنانه – مادرانه است. در این جریان شناسی معلوم شد معرفت شناسی فلسفه های زنانه نگر، خصوصیتی جمع گرایانه و دیگرمحورانه دارد و با موضوعات دینارتباطی شهودی برقرار می کند. هستی شناسی فلسفة فمینیستی دین نیز هماهنگ با خصوصیات زنانه – مادرانه، به گونه ای تولد محورانه، تعاملی و پوینده شکل گرفته و بر همین اساس قدرتی عاشقانه و مراقبتی برای خدا اثبات می کند. ویژگی فرایند عشق و مراقبت در فلسفة دین و الهیات زنانه نگر،  مانع تبعیض گرایی و خودمحوری زن سالارانه می شود تا تجربة تلخ دوگانگی من/ دیگری یا  مردانگی/ زنانگیسوژة دورة روشنگری تکرار نشود. همچنین براساس اصل مشترک فرایند عشق در فلسفة دین و الهیات زنانه نگر، دوگانگی عقل/ ایمان و عقل/ عشق رخت بر می بندد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Process of Love In Feminist Approaches to Philosophy of Religion and Theology

نویسنده [English]

  • maryam saneapour
چکیده [English]

In this article, the author addresses the feminist philosophies of religion in order to come to a common stream among diverse feminist philosophical and theological approaches. For this reason, the views of some feminist religious philosophers, such as Anderson, Daly, and Irigaray, have been analyzed. The views of philosophers who can indirectly influence feminist religious attitudes, such as Harding, Radik, Kristeva, Lloyd, and Butler have been also examined. Among different feminist philosophical-theological approaches, this essay achieves the one that is in harmony with Whitehead's process philosophy and Tillich’s theory of love. The author uses the term ‘love process’ to indicate this common trend among feminist theorists, based on the psychoanalytic maternal-feminine characteristics. The epistemology of feministic philosophy has collectivistic and other-oriented characters and establishes an intuitive link with religious issues. In harmony with the characteristics of feminine-maternal, the ontology of feminist philosophy of religion has been also formed in a birth-centered, interactive and dynamic way, and thus proves the power of love and care for God. The characteristics of the process of love and care in the philosophy of religion and feminist theology prevent the discriminationism and self-orientation of matriarchy so that the bitter experience of I/other dichotomy, or the masculinity/femininity of the Enlightenment period does not recur. Also, based on the common principle of the love process in the feminist philosophy of religion and theology, the duality of reason/faith and wisdom/love vanish.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Philosophy of Religion
  • Love
  • Love Process
  • Maternal Rationality
  • Care
  • collectivistic
  • Birth-Oriented
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