عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Since very ancient times of human life, man has respected and praised existence of women as a holy symbol, owing to many similarities of ‘women’ with ‘the nature’ and ‘environment’. The similarities manifest themselves not only in myths relating to man’s birth, nourishment, and survival, but also in death myths. It is obvious that these fundamental mythological notions unconsciously approximated women to nature, as if the earth was a sister to be protected and guarded with all the love and affection. This viewpoint can be tracked in many ancient and contemporary rituals where women play the main role of performance, as well as in many secret-revealing rituals. Despite all the changes such viewpoint has made in various aspects of human life during different eras, it has survived to the extent that today women’s deep sense of responsibility towards environment can be observed in different forms and frameworks from national and international NGOs to activities of independent women and well-known international websites and global gatherings. The present study aims to study the trend of mythological relationship of women with the environment, as well as the role of women as testators of the spiritual heritage of the environment for future generations, and ways of maintenance and transmission of this heritage using the methods and approaches that have been pointed out.